Tuesday, 28 April 2020

Covid-19: Third National Address by President Muhammadu Buhari on the pandemic


28 April 2020 

ADDRESS BY H.E. MUHAMMADU BUHARI, PRESIDENT OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA ON THE CUMULATIVE LOCKDOWN ORDER OF LAGOS AND OGUN STATES AS WELL AS THE FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY ON COVID- 19 Pandemic AT THE STATE HOUSE, ABUJA, MONDAY, 27th APRIL, 2020. 

1. Fellow Nigerians 

2. I will start by commending you all for the resilience and patriotism that 
you have shown in our collective fight against the biggest health challenge of our generation.

3. As at yesterday, 26th April 2020, some three million confirmed cases of COVID nineteen have been recorded globally with about nine hundred thousand recoveries. Unfortunately, some two hundred thousand people have passed away as a result of this pandemic. 

4. The health systems and economies of many nations continue to struggle as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. 

5. Nigeria continues to adapt to these new global realities on a daily basis. This evening, I will present the facts as they are and explain our plans for the coming month fully aware that some key variables and assumptions may change in the coming days or week. 


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6. Exactly two weeks ago, there were three hundred and twenty three
confirmed cases in 20 States and the Federal Capital Territory. 

7. As at this morning, Nigeria has recorded one thousand two hundred 
and seventy-three cases across 32 States and the FCT. Unfortunately, 
this includes 40 deaths.

8. I am using this opportunity to express our deepest condolences to the families of all Nigerians that have lost their loved ones as a result of the COVID nineteen Pandemic. This is our collective loss and we share your grief.

9. Initial models predicted that Nigeria will record an estimated two thousand confirmed cases in the first month after the index case. 

10. This means that despite the increase in the number of confirmed cases recorded in the past two weeks, the measures we have put in place thus far have yielded positive outcomes against the projections.

11. The proportion of cases imported from other countries has reduced to only 19% of new cases, showing that our border closures yielded positive results. These are mostly fellow Nigerians returning through our land borders. We will continue to enforce land border arrival protocols as part of the containment strategy.

12. Today, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has accredited 15 laboratories across the country with an aggregate capacity to undertake 2,500 tests per day across the country.


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13. Based on your feedback, Lagos State Government and the FCT with support from NCDC have established several sample collection centers. They are also reviewing their laboratory testing strategy to further increase the number of tests they can perform including the 
accreditation of selected private laboratories that meet the accreditation 
criteria. 

14. Several new fully equipped treatment and isolation centres have been operationalised across the country thereby increasing bed capacity to about three thousand. At this point, I will commend the State Governors for the activation of State-level Emergency Operation Centres, establishment of new treatment centres and the delivery of 
aggressive risk communication strategies.

15. Over ten thousand healthcare workers have been trained. For their 
protection, additional personal protective equipment have been distributed to all the states. Although we have experienced logistical challenges, we remain committed to establish a solid supply chain process to ensure these heroic professionals can work safely and are properly equipped. 

16. In keeping with our Government's promise to improve the welfare of healthcare workers, we have signed a memorandum of understanding on the provision of hazard allowances and other incentives with key health sector professional associations. We have 
also procured insurance cover for five thousand frontline health workers. At this point, I must commend the insurance sector for their support in achieving this within a short period of time.


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17. Nigeria has also continued to receive support from the international 
community, multilateral agencies, the private sector and public-spirited 
individuals. This support has ensured that critical lifesaving equipment
and materials, which have become scarce globally, are available for 
Nigeria through original equipment manufacturers and government-to-
government processes. 

18. The distribution and expansion of palliatives which I directed in my 
earlier broadcast is still on going in a transparent manner. I am mindful 
of the seeming frustration being faced by expectant citizens. I urge all 
potential beneficiaries to exercise patience as we continue to fine tune 
our logistical and distribution processes working with the State Governments.

19. I have directed the Central Bank of Nigeria and other financial 
institutions to make further plans and provisions for financial stimulus 
packages for small and medium scale enterprises. We recognise the 
critical role that they play in Nigeria's economy. 

20. Our Security Agencies continue to rise to the challenge posed by this unusual situation. While we feel deeply concerned about isolated security incidents, I want to assure all Nigerians that your safety and security remains our primary concern especially in these difficult and uncertain times. As we focus on protecting lives and properties, we will not tolerate any human rights abuses by our security agencies. The few reported incidences are regrettable, and I want to assure you that the 
culprits will be brought to justice.

21. I urge all Nigerians to continue to cooperate and show understanding 
whenever they encounter security agents. Furthermore, for their


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protection, I have instructed the personnel of the security agencies be
provided with the necessary personal protective equipment for their 
own protection.

22. As we continue to streamline our response in the epicenters of Lagos 
and the FCT, I am concerned about the unfortunate developments in Kano in recent days. Although an in-depth investigation is still ongoing, we have decided to deploy additional Federal Government human, material and technical resources to strengthen and support the State Government's efforts. We will commence implementation 
immediately. 

23. In Kano, and indeed many other States that are recording new cases, 
preliminary findings show that such cases are mostly from interstate
travel and emerging community transmission. 

24. Drawing from these, I implore all Nigerians to continue to adhere 
strictly to the advisories published by the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. These include regular hand washing, physical distancing, wearing of face masks/coverings in public, avoidance of non-essential movement and travels and avoidance of large gatherings remain 
paramount.

25. Fellow Nigerians, for the past four weeks, most parts of our country 
have been under either Federal Government or State Government 
lockdowns. As I mentioned earlier, these steps were necessary and, have contributed to slowing down the spread of COVID nineteen in Nigeria.


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26. However, such lock downs have also come at a very heavy economic cost. Many of our citizens have lost their means of livelihood. Many businesses have also shut down. No country can 
afford the full impact of a sustained lockdown while awaiting the 
development of vaccines.

27. In my last address, I mentioned the Federal Government will develop strategies and policies that will protect lives while preserving livelihoods.

28. In these two weeks, the Federal and State Governments have jointly 
and collaboratively worked hard on how to balance the need to protect 
health while also preserving livelihoods, leveraging global best practice while keeping in mind our peculiar circumstances. 

29. We assessed how our factories, markets, traders and transporters can 
continue to function while at the same time adhering to NCDC guidelines on hygiene and social distancing. 

30. We assessed how our children can continue to learn without compromising their health. 

31. We reviewed how our farmers can safely plant and harvest in this rainy season to ensure our food security is not compromised. Furthermore, we also discussed how to safely transport food items from rural production areas to industrial processing zones and ultimately, to the key consumption centers. 

32. Our goal was to develop implementable policies that will ensure our economy continues to function while still maintaining our aggressive


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response to the COVID nineteen pandemic. These same difficult 
decisions are being faced by leaders around the world. 

33. Based on the above and in line with the recommendations of the 
Presidential Task Force on COVID nineteen, the various Federal 
Government committees that have reviewed socio-economic matters
and the Nigeria Governors Forum, I have approved for a phased and
gradual easing of lockdown measures in FCT, Lagos and Ogun States effective from Saturday, 2nd May, 2020 at 9am. 

34. However, this will be followed strictly with aggressive reinforcement of testing and contact tracing measures while allowing the restoration of some economic and business activities in certain sectors.

35. The highlights of the new nationwide measures are as follows;
a. Selected businesses and offices can open from 9am to 6pm;
b. There will be an overnight curfew from 8pm to 6am. This means all movements will be prohibited during this period except essential services;
c. There will be a ban on non-essential inter-state passenger travel
until further notice;
d. Partial and controlled interstate movement of goods and services
will be allowed for the movement of goods and services from producers to consumers; and
e. We will strictly ensure the mandatory use of face masks or coverings in public in addition to maintaining physical distancing and personal hygiene. Furthermore, the restrictions on social and religious gathers shall remain in place. State Governments,


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corporate organisations and philanthropists are encouraged to 
support the production of cloth masks for citizens. 

36. For the avoidance of doubt, the lockdown in the FCT, Lagos & Ogun 
States shall remain in place until these new ones come into effect on 
Saturday, 2nd May 2020 at 9am. 

37. The Presidential Task Force shall provide sector specific details and 
timing guidelines to allow for preparations by Governments,
businesses and institutions. 

38. The above are guidelines. State Governors may choose to adapt and 
expand based on their unique circumstances provided they maintain 
alignment with the guidelines issued above. 

39. These revised guidelines will not apply to Kano State. The total 
lockdown recently announced by the State Government shall be 
enforced for the full duration. The Federal Government shall deploy all 
the necessary human, material and technical resources to support the 
State in controlling and containing the pandemic. 

40. I wish to once again commend the frontline workers across the 
country who, on a daily basis, risk everything to ensure we win this 
fight. For those who got infected in the line of duty, be rest assured that 
Government will do all it takes to support you and your families during 
this exceedingly difficult period. I will also take this opportunity to assure you all that your safety, wellbeing and welfare remains paramount to our Government. 
 
41. I will also recognise the support we have received from our traditional rulers, the Christian Association of Nigeria, the Nigerian


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Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs and other prominent religious and 
community leaders. Your cooperation and support has significantly 
contributed to the successes we have recorded to date. I will urge you
all to please continue to create awareness on the seriousness of 
coronavirus among your worshippers and communities while appealing that they strictly comply with public health advisories.

42. I will also thank the Nigeria Governors' Forum and the Presidential 
Task Force for all their hard work to date. Through this collaboration, I remain confident that success is achievable. 

43. I also wish to thank corporate organisations, philanthropists, the UN 
family, the European Union, friendly nations, the media and other 
partners that have taken up the responsibility of supporting our 
response. 

44. And finally, I will thank all Nigerians again for your patience and 
cooperation during this difficult and challenging period. I assure you 
that government shall continue to take all necessary measures to protect 
the lives and livelihoods our citizens and residents. 

39. I thank you for listening and may God bless the Federal Republic of 
Nigeria. 



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